140 and army as well &s the seven articles of present (during reception) such as palankeen, dress, ornament, vehicle, royal favour("?;, camphor and tautliila. lie should also understand the seven expedients oj devices, vis., conciliation, separation, gift, punishment, fraud, indiirerence and sorcery. The kings are addicted to seven (evil) passions: these, as described in a verse on political ethics, are : Woman, gambling, driving,, Lr,::r:\c, arrogan: If jffnage, oppression aij«I v;as;ing pa'lie funds; the k:u^ sLyjli :;o: U caa^a: in the toils of these seven passions, Moreover, he must obtain the seven sanffina*. r/V., excava- tion of a tank. bmldLi^ of a Brahuuan village, construction of u temple, making a garden, getting" a poem written, begetting a sou, and discovering a treasure. Surrounding himself with the seven members of an assembly such as poets, scholars, reciters of purfiiias and of itihasas, heralds, jesters and dancers,......he should eradicate the evil-doers and protect the good." " There are yet many more principles of political ethics; we have expounded but a small part." On hearing this, Kp§naraya said, addressing Appaji and the other three ministers, " You know the past, the present and the future : you have foresight and a knowledge of what has happened already and what is yet to happen. 60 you have explained to me political ethics in a very lucid manner. As the bee knuws the scent of flowers from the breeze (1 have learnt politics from yon. In fact, I have been transformed into a politician by associating with you)* like an insect which is transformed into a bee by the association with bees. (Now please tell me) how to increase the income of the state.5' The councillors replied: "If Your Majesty walks (in the path of) dharma, it is bound to rain thrice a month ; the land yields plenty. If the Tfe* puftftge ic corrupt Two or &re« mutilated »ent*ne«s are jumbled into one.